Power and Agency in films
Gender bias analyses
We crowdsourced the annotation of power and agency connotation frames for ~2K verbs.
Power connotations capture implied authority differentials between the agent and the theme of the verb.
Agency connotation frames uncover the implied agency given to the agent by the verb.
Download the connotation frames
Read more about the connotation frames and detailed analyses of gender bias in movie characters:
Sap, Maarten, Prasetio, Marcella Cindy, Holtzman, Ari, Rashkin, Hannah, & Choi, Yejin (2017). Connotation Frames of Power and Agency in Modern Films. EMNLP
Connotation Frames demo
Check how your favorite movie scores on the power and agency dimensions.
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12 and Holding 30 Minutes or Less A Night at the Roxbury Agnes of God (film) Alien Nation (film) Angel Eyes (film) Apocalypse Now Apt Pupil (film) Arbitrage (film) Army of Darkness Assassins (film) Avatar (2009 film) Bamboozled Barry Lyndon Barton Fink Basic (film) Batman Begins Batman Returns Beloved (film) Benny & Joon Blade (film) Blast from the Past (film) Blue Velvet (film) Bodies, Rest & Motion Bound (film) Brick (film) Bringing Out the Dead Buffy the Vampire Slayer (film) Burning Annie Cars 2 Charade (1963 film) Cherry Falls Cinema Paradiso Citizen Kane City of Joy (film) Clue (film) Colombiana Conan the Barbarian (2011 film) Constantine (film) Cool Hand Luke Crime Spree Detroit Rock City (film) Die Hard Domino (film) Drive (2011 film) Ed Wood (film) Eight Legged Freaks Event Horizon (film) Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (film) Final Destination (film) Final Destination 2 Flightplan Friday the 13th (1980 film) From Here to Eternity Funny People Game 6 Gang Related Get Carter Goodfellas Hackers (film) Harold and Maude Henry Fool Hope and Glory (film) House of 1000 Corpses In the Loop (film) Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Invictus (film) Jaws 2 Jaws 3-D Juno (film) Jurassic Park III Kalifornia Kids (film) Killing Zoe Klute L.A. Confidential (film) Last Chance Harvey Leviathan (1989 film) Lone Star (1996 film) Lord of War Lost Highway (film) Machine Gun Preacher Made for Each Other (1939 film) Magnolia (film) Man on the Moon (film) Man Trouble Metro (1997 film) Miami Vice (film) Mission to Mars Monkeybone Moon (film) Mumford (film) Nick of Time (film) Oceans Eleven One Eight Seven Orgy of the Dead Panic Room Philadelphia (film) Pitch Black (film) Pleasantville (film) Pretty Woman Punch-Drunk Love Real Genius Reindeer Games Requiem for a Dream Reservoir Dogs Ring (film) Rocky Scream (1996 film) Seven (film) Sex, Lies, and Videotape Shock Treatment Shrek Silverado (film) Simone (2002 film) Sleepless in Seattle Slither (2006 film) Slumdog Millionaire Smokey and the Bandit Soldier (1998 American film) Spartan (film) Stalag 17 State and Main Stepmom (film) Sugar & Spice Sugar (2008 film) Sunshine Cleaning Terminator Salvation The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension The Assignment (1997 film) The Back-up Plan The Battle of Algiers The Body Snatcher (film) The Breakfast Club The Butterfly Effect The Corruptor The Crying Game The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (film) The Debt (2011 film) The Descendants The Empire Strikes Back The Family Man The Goonies The Hebrew Hammer The Hustler (film) The Ice Storm (film) The Insider (film) The Jacket The Kids Are All Right (film) The Ladykillers (2004 film) The Last Boy Scout The Last Samurai The Last Temptation of Christ (film) The Leopard Man The Limey The Long Kiss Goodnight The Losers (film) The Mummy (1999 film) The Next Three Days The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes The Salton Sea The Sandlot The Searchers (film) The Shining (film) The Shipping News (film) The Sting The Talented Mr. Ripley (film) The Thing (1982 film) The Time Machine (2002 film) The Verdict The Visitor (2007 drama film) The World Is Not Enough Three Men and a Baby Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (film) Tomorrow Never Dies Top Gun Total Recall (1990 film) Traffic (2000 film) True Lies Twins (1988 film) Unforgiven Up (2009 film) Vertigo (film) Very Bad Things We Own the Night (film) Win Win (film) Young Frankenstein Zerophilia 10 Things I Hate About You 15 Minutes 17 Again (film) 2012 (film) 48 Hrs. 50-50 (2011 film) 500 Days of Summer 8mm (film) 9 (2009 animated film) A Bucket of Blood (1995 film) A Dry White Season A Few Good Men A Hard Days Night (film) A Perfect World A Walk to Remember Absolute Power (film) Adaptation (film) Affliction (film) Air Force One (film) Airplane! Alien (film) Aliens (film) All About Eve All the Kings Men (1949 film) Almost Famous Alone in the Dark (2005 film) Amadeus (film) American Beauty (film) American Gangster (film) American Graffiti American Pie (film) American Splendor (film) Amour (2012 film) An American Werewolf in Paris An Education An Officer and a Gentleman Analyze That Analyze This Anastasia (1997 film) Angels & Demons (film) Anna Karenina (2012 film) Annie Hall Antitrust (film) Antz Apocalypse Now Redux Arcade (film) Arctic Blue Arthur (2011 film) As Good as It Gets Babel (film) Backdraft (film) Bad Boys (1995 film) Bad Day at Black Rock Bad Dreams (film) Bad Santa Badlands (film) Basic Instinct Batman & Robin (film) Batman (1989 film) Bean (film) Beasts of the Southern Wild Beetlejuice Beginners Being John Malkovich Big (film) Big Fish Birthday Girl Black Rain (1989 American film) Black Snake Moan (film) Black Swan (film) Blade II Blade Runner Blow (film) Blue Valentine (film) Body Heat Body of Evidence (1993 film) Bones (2001 film) Bonnie and Clyde (film) Boogie Nights Bottle Rocket Brazil (1985 film) Breakdown (film) Broadcast News (film) Broken Embraces Bull Durham Buried (film) Capote (film) Carrie (1976 film) Casablanca (film) Casino (film) Cast Away Cat People (1982 film) Catwoman (film) Celeste and Jesse Forever Cellular (film) Changeling (film) Chaos (2005 Capitol film) Chasing Amy Children of Men Chinatown (1974 film) Clerks Cliffhanger (film) Cobb (film) Code of Silence (film) Cold Mountain (film) Collateral (film) Collateral Damage (film) Confessions of a Dangerous Mind Confidence (2003 film) Conspiracy Theory (film) Contact (1997 film) Coraline (film) Cradle 2 the Grave Crash (1996 film) Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Dances with Wolves Dark City (1998 film) Dark Star (film) Dave (film) Day of the Dead (1985 film) Dead Poets Society Death to Smoochy Deep Cover Deep Rising Demolition Man (film) Devil in a Blue Dress (film) Dexter (episode) Disturbia (film) Donnie Darko Double Indemnity (film) Dragonslayer Drop Dead Gorgeous (film) Dumb and Dumber Eastern Promises Easy A EDtv El Mariachi Election (1999 film) Enemy of the State (film) Entrapment (film) Erin Brockovich (film) Escape from L.A. Escape from New York Escape from the Planet of the Apes Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (film) Evil Dead II Excalibur (film) Face-Off Fair Game (2010 film) Fantastic Four (film) Fast Times at Ridgemont High Fatal Instinct Feast (film) Ferris Buellers Day Off Fight Club Five Easy Pieces Flight (2012 film) Forrest Gump Four Rooms Fracture (2007 film) Frances (film) Freddy vs. Jason Frequency (film) Friday the 13th Part III From Dusk till Dawn Frozen River G.I. Jane Gangs of New York Gattaca Get Shorty (film) Ghost (1990 film) Ghost Ship (2002 film) Ghost World (film) Ghostbusters II Ghostbusters Go (1999 film) Gods and Monsters Godzilla (1998 film) Gone in 60 Seconds (2000 film) Good Will Hunting Gothika Grand Hotel (film) Grand Theft Parsons Grosse Pointe Blank Halloween (1978 film) Hannah and Her Sisters Hannibal (film) Happiness (1998 film) Happy Campers (2001 film) Hard Rain (film) Hard to Kill Heathers Heavy Metal (film) Hellboy (film) Hellraiser Henrys Crime Hero (1992 film) Hes Just Not That Into You (film) Hesher (film) Hider in the House (1989 film) High Fidelity (film) Highlander (film) Hitchcock (film) Hollow Man Honeydripper (film) Horrible Bosses Hostage (film) House on Haunted Hill (1999 film) Hudson Hawk Human Nature (film) I Am Legend (film) I Am Sam I Know What You Did Last Summer I Love You Phillip Morris I Still Know What You Did Last Summer I Walked with a Zombie I, Robot (film) Idiocracy Ill Do Anything Independence Day (1996 film) Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom Innerspace Insomnia (2002 film) Intolerable Cruelty Invaders from Mars (1953 film) Invaders from Mars (1986 film) Inventing the Abbotts Jackie Brown (film) Jacobs Ladder (film) Jane Eyre (2011 film) Jason X Jaws (film) Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back Jennifers Body Jerry Maguire JFK (film) Jimmy and Judy Joe Versus the Volcano John Q Judge Dredd (film) Jurassic Park (film) Kafka (film) Kate & Leopold Kramer vs. Kramer Krull (film) Kundun Kung Fu Panda Labyrinth (film) Lake Placid (film) Last Tango in Paris Law Abiding Citizen Leaving Las Vegas Legend (1985 film) Legion (2010 film) Les Miserables (2012 film) Lethal Weapon Life (1999 film) Life as a House Life of Pi (film) Light Sleeper Limitless Little Athens Little Miss Sunshine Little Monsters Little Nicky Living in Oblivion Lord of Illusions Lost in America Lost in Space (film) Lost in Translation (film) Lost Souls (film) Love & Basketball M (1931 film) Machete (film) Major League (film) Malcolm X (film) Malibus Most Wanted Man on Fire (2004 film) Manhunter (film) Margin Call (film) Margot at the Wedding Martha Marcy May Marlene Mary Shelleys Frankenstein (film) Mean Streets Meet Joe Black Megamind Melvin and Howard Memento (film) Men in Black (film) Midnight Cowboy Millers Crossing Minis First Time Minority Report (film) Mirrors (film) Monty Python and the Holy Grail Moonstruck Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House Mrs. Brown Mulholland Drive (film) Murderland Music of the Heart My Best Friends Wedding My Own Private Idaho Mystery Men Nashville (film) National Lampoons Barely Legal Network (film) New York Minute (film) Next Friday Nightbreed Nine (2009 live-action film) Ninja Assassin Nixon (film) No Country for Old Men (film) Nothing But a Man Notting Hill (film) Nurse Betty Observe and Report Oceans Twelve Office Space On the Waterfront One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest (film) Only God Forgives Only You (1994 film) Ordinary People Out of Sight Panther (film) Pariah (2011 film) Pearl Harbor (film) Peeping Tom (film) Perfect Creature Pet Sematary (film) Pet Sematary Two Pi (film) Platoon (film) Point Break Portrait of Jennie Precious (film) Predator (film) Prometheus (2012 film) Psycho (1960 film) Pulp Fiction Purple Rain (film) Queen of the Damned Rachel Getting Married Raging Bull Raiders of the Lost Ark Rambling Rose (film) Rapture (1965 film) Rear Window Remember Me (2010 film) Resident Evil (film) Return of the Jedi Return to Me Ride the High Country RocknRolla Romeo + Juliet Roughshod (film) Runaway Bride (1999 film) Rush Hour (1998 film) Rush Hour 2 Rushmore (film) S. Darko Save the Last Dance Scary Movie 2 Scary Movie Schindlers List Scream 2 Scream 3 Sense and Sensibility (film) Serial Mom Sex and the City (film) Shallow Grave Shame (2011 film) Shampoo (film) Sherlock Holmes (2009 film) Shes Out of My League Shifty (film) Shine (film) Shivers (film) Shrek the Third Signs (film) Silver Bullet (film) Silver Linings Playbook Sister Act Sleepy Hollow (film) Sling Blade Smoke (film) Smokin Aces Snow Falling on Cedars (film) Solaris (2002 film) Some Like It Hot Someone to Watch Over Me (film) Somethings Gotta Give (film) Sounder (film) Spare Me (film) Sphere (film) Star Trek (film) Star Wars (film) Starman (film) Starship Troopers (film) Stigmata (film) Stolen Summer Storytelling (film) Strange Days (film) Strangers on a Train (film) SubUrbia (film) Super 8 (film) Superbad (film) Superman (1978 film) Sweet Smell of Success Swordfish (film) Taking Lives (film) Taking Sides (film) Ted (film) The Abyss The Addams Family (film) The Adventures of Ford Fairlane The African Queen (film) The American (2010 film) The Apartment The Atomic Submarine The Avengers (1998 film) The Believer (film) The Big Blue The Big Lebowski The Big White The Birds (film) The Black Dahlia (film) The Bodyguard (1992 film) The Bonfire of the Vanities (film) The Book of Eli The Bounty Hunter (2010 film) The Bourne Ultimatum (film) The Bridges of Madison County (film) The Cable Guy The Cell The Cider House Rules (film) The Cincinnati Kid The Company of Wolves The Cooler The Crow (film) The Damned United The Dark Knight (film) The Day the Earth Stood Still The Deer Hunter The Departed The Devils Advocate (1997 film) The Distinguished Gentleman The Doors (film) The Elephant Man (film) The English Patient (film) The Evil Dead The Exorcist (film) The Fabulous Baker Boys The Faculty The Flintstones (film) The French Connection (film) The Fugitive (1993 film) The Game (1997 film) The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (2011 film) The Godfather Part II The Graduate The Green Mile (film) The Grudge The Hangover The Help (film) The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy (film) The Horse Whisperer (film) The Ides of March (film) The Informant! The Iron Lady (film) The Italian Job (2003 film) The Jackie Robinson Story The King of Comedy (1983 film) The Kingdom (film) The Kings Speech The Last of the Mohicans (1992 film) The Last Station The Life of David Gale The Lost Boys The Lost Weekend (film) The Majestic (film) The Man in the Iron Mask (1998 film) The Mask (film) The Matrix Reloaded The Matrix The Men Who Stare at Goats (film) The Naked City The Night of the Hunter (film) The Nines The Ninth Gate The Omega Man The Patriot (2000 film) The Perks of Being a Wallflower (film) The Pianist (2002 film) The Ploughmans Lunch The Postman (film) The Power of One (film) The Program The Prophecy The Public Eye (film) The Reader (2008 film) The Relic (film) The Replacements (film) The Rock (film) The Saint (film) The Seventh Victim The Shawshank Redemption The Siege The Silence of the Lambs (film) The Sixth Sense The Straight Story The Stunt Man The Swimmer (1968 film) The Taking of Pelham One Two Three (1974 film) The Thin Man (film) The Thing Called Love The Thing from Another World The Third Man The Three Musketeers (1993 film) The Time Machine (1960 film) The Tourist (2010 film) The Truman Show The Usual Suspects The Village (2004 film) The Whistleblower The White Ribbon The Wild One The Wrestler (2008 film) The X-Files (film) Theres Something About Mary Thirteen Days (film) This Boys Life (film) This Is 40 Three Kings (1999 film) Thunderheart Ticker (2001 film) Tin Cup Tombstone (film) Toy Story Trainspotting (film) True Believer (1989 film) True Grit (2010 film) True Romance Two for the Money (film) U Turn (1997 film) Unbreakable (film) Urban Legend (film) V for Vendetta (film) Valkyrie (film) Virtuosity Wag the Dog Walking Tall (2004 film) Wall Street (1987 film) WALL-E War Horse (film) War of the Worlds (2005 film) Warm Springs (film) Warrior (2011 film) Wes Cravens New Nightmare What About Bob What Lies Beneath While She Was Out White Squall (film) Whiteout (2009 film) Who Framed Roger Rabbit Whos Your Daddy (film) Wild at Heart (film) Wild Things Wild Wild West Willow (film) Wind Chill (film) Wonder Boys (film) X-Men (film) XXX (film) Yes Man (film) You Can Count on Me Youth in Revolt (film) Zulu Dawn
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